The 2D Animation Process – Complete Step by Step Guide

Let’s first define 2D so that we may discuss 2D animation. A figure or item having two dimensions—height and length—is referred to as a 2D form. All 2D objects are plain shapes or plain figures because they all rest on a flat surface. While 2D shapes lack volume, they do have an area.Characters, objects, and backgrounds are all portrayed in two-dimensional, flat space in a 2D animated film.

A 2D shape is any shape with precisely two dimensions. Think of a plane, which is an ideal illustration of this type of shape, in order to comprehend or conceptualise what 2D is.Figures, in addition to forms, can also be 2D. If a 2D shape has both a length and a width, it can only be one. These shapes can have as many sides as you like, and their sides can be either straight or curved.

Geometric settings are what are referred to as 2D and 3D in mathematics. To know an element’s precise position in geometry, you need two values in 2D and three values in 3D.The term “2D animation” refers to images that are two dimensional and can only be described by their height and width. Characters and objects that move in a two-dimensional environment are utilized as the artistic medium for story-telling and message-delivery in 2D animation movies.

The following are the main facets of 2D animation services:

  • Sketching designs
  • Designing characters
  • Developing storyboards
  • Creating special effects
  • Animating scenes
  • Transitioning backgrounds

How Is 2D Animation Created?

To produce interesting videos, the 2D animation studios must adhere to a variety of animation processes. We’ll concentrate primarily on the 2D animation procedure you can use to produce a 2D animation video. A set procedure is followed when creating a 2D animation, which includes elements like storyboarding, animation, layout, audio, and aesthetics. The animators play a crucial role in the entire process, working on everything from the early concept sketches to the finished video.

Pre-production, production, and post-production are the three sections of the production pipeline, and this job is merely one of them.


A group of animators and writers collaborate at this point to finalise the animation’s plot and storyline. Then they design the video’s characters, put together a storyboard, decide on a colour scheme, and design the background. The group thus establishes the foundation for the primary procedure.

At this point, there are a few crucial points to keep in mind. The graphic actions and the video storyline should be directed by the script you’re using. This aids in the creation of a storyboard, which depicts the timeline that the video is meant to follow.

Typically, the design process involves two processes for the creation of the backgrounds and characters. The design team starts by drawing a basic sketch of the characters and other components. Initial concepts are developed into detailed designs and photos once the team is satisfied with them.

Following that, the team decides on a colour scheme for the video while taking into account the various items and components as well as the lighting design.


The objective of production is to collect the developed parts and combine them to make the animated sceneries. The process includes painting the backdrops, animating character movements, designing the scenarios, and creating rough animations. Animation tracing and inbetweening are also carried out throughout production for more difficult tasks.

What these two procedures entail is as follows; Cleaning up the rough animations during tracing can be done on a new animation layer, directly over the existing layer, or over the same layer with different colours. While Inbetweening is comparable to lubricating a machine. To make the animation look fluid, inbetweening entails adding transitional frames between two mainframes.

Animators can construct exposure sheets with detailed scene-by-scene instructions to successfully execute these jobs. There are 5 sections to this sheet:

  • Animation Layers
  • Backgrounds
  • Timing and Actions
  • View Perspective
  • Background Dialogues and Music.

A 2D animation’s animation crew does all of the final editing during post-production. The primary goal of this phase is improvement. To make sure that the message of the video is clear and effective, providing your audience something worth engaging with, consider everything from sound effects to frame lengths.

What Is The Difference Between 2D And 3D Animation?

What Is 2D And 3D Animation?

The fundamental distinction between 2D and 3D animation is that the latter is more realistic due to greater attention to the height, depth, and width of the objects in the film. Visuals are constructed in a two-dimensional, flat area in 2D animation.

Dimensions play a role in the distinction between 2D and 3D animation. A 2D object, which is projected on a surface like a wall, paper, or screen, may only be quantified by its height and width.A 3D object, on the other hand, has its own surface and can be quantified according to its length, breadth, height, and depth.

In contrast, only computers can be used to create 3D animation. Due to the two-dimensional limitations of 2D animation, techniques like rotation angles and object volume are only available in 3D animation.

With more lifelike objects to work with, 3D animation is more realistic. There is more room for improvement. Examples of things that are considerably denser and more difficult to do on 3D objects than on 2D objects are camera angles, object texturing, and lighting.

Is 2D Animation Or 3D More Attractive?

Depending on your target audience, the goal of your video, and what you’re animating, the answer to this question can be quite subjective. Both 2D and 3D animation have particular use cases, benefits, and drawbacks. We’ll look at what they are now.

2D Animation Use Cases

  • 2D Explainer Videos
  • Whiteboard Explainer Videos
  • Product demos
  • Advertisements and Brand Videos
  • Infotainment videos
  • TV shows and films

3D Animation Use Cases

  • Game development
  • TV shows
  • Movies and Films

Even though the use cases can overlap and 2D game creation is certainly a possibility, the aforementioned use cases are based on the more typical usage of 2D and 3D animations. You can choose the animation style that best suits your needs and is more appealing to your audience based on these use scenarios.

The Advantages Of 2D Animation Are

  • Production costs are lower – 2D animation is a more affordable option than 3D.
  • Production is speedy because 2D animations can be made more quickly, leading to quick creation of video content.
  • Animation in two dimensions is simpler to create than animation in three dimensions since it requires less software and equipment.

Disadvantages Of 2D Animation

  • 2D animation has a tendency to lose its appeal to viewers because it strongly depends on the accompanying effects to keep it interesting.
  • Less demand — Due to the success of 3D animation, important 2D classics are now being made in 3D, which is reducing the need for 2D content in the film business.

The Advantages Of 3D Animation Are

  • Communication is improved because 3D animation gives animators far more freedom to manipulate character movements, which allows them to more accurately depict emotions.
  • Visual appeal – 3D animation has a more lifelike, realistic appearance, which is crucial for game development and the gaming industry.
  • In demand — The media and entertainment sectors are seeing an increase in demand for 3D animation.

Disadvantages Of 3D Animations

  • Limitations and Restrictions: Because 3D animation is so machine- and software-dependent, there is less possibility for original innovation.
  • Complex and challenging to master – Compared to 2D, learning 3D animation takes a lot more time spent on lesson viewing.
  • Profitability—Creating 3D animations requires time, money, and labour. However, sometimes the investment may not yield a satisfactory return.

What are the different types of 2D cartoons?

We occasionally create 2D animation for purposes other than pure enjoyment. Many marketing and branding videos are produced in 2D due to its versatility, low cost of production, and high engagement rates. Let’s examine the various applications for this type of animation in the field of marketing.

Computer Animation

Creating animated visuals using computer graphics is a process known as computer animation, or CGI animation. There are two divisions in computer animation. Traditional animations are computerised to create computer-assisted animation. The animation that is entirely computer-generated, on the other hand, is created with animation and 3D graphics software.

Stop Motion

Stop motion animation, often known as stop-frame animation, is a cinematic method that simulates the motion of real-world objects. Every time, those items are transferred between frames and then physically altered before being photographed. The items “come to life” when the series of photographs are shown quickly.

Motion Graphics

Sometimes a character- or story-driven animation is not necessary for a brand. They prefer to employ merely text and visuals for animated logos, explainers, and titles. Motion graphics are an excellent option in this situation. Because motion graphics don’t involve knowledge of acting or body mechanics, the skills needed to create motion graphics are distinct from those needed to create other types of animation. Motion graphics for product videos is one of the main services offered by commercial animation studios.

Whiteboard animation

Whiteboard animation imitates the drawing of black-line drawings on a white background to illustrate the ideas or concepts being used. These videos are popular because they are good at conveying complicated ideas while maintaining audience interest because to their dynamic graphics and animations. using a simplified approach that produces a direct and succinct result.


Animated slides or infographic animations are excellent ways to accomplish both if you have a lot of information and a limited amount of time. Infographics excel when describing or illustrating complicated topics or conditions.

Here at Dezpad Designs we strive to be one of the best 2D animation agency that will produce products that will meet your every expectation. Contact Us and book a consultation with us today.

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