The Procedure for 3D Animation?

Creating 3D animation is a complex process that involves a series of steps, which can vary depending on the animation studio and the specific project. Typically, a comprehensive checklist of tasks must be completed by individuals with the appropriate skill set to bring the 3D animation to life. This animation process, known as the 3D Animation Pipeline, requires a solid structure that combines hardware, software, and human resources to ensure the best quality animation is produced within specific timeframes. The 3D and 2D animation process can be used to create feature films, short films, TV shows, video games, and more, offering a wide range of creative possibilities.

What is 3D Animation?

3D animation involves creating computer-generated objects that appear to move and interact within a three-dimensional space. This technology allows for the depiction of objects moving and rotating as they would in real life, using a two-dimensional picture to represent three-dimensional moving images. 3D animation is widely used across various industries, including gaming, entertainment, architecture, medicine, and marketing.

What Does The 3D Animation Process Involve?

The 3D and 2D animation process steps is designed to create the illusion of motion, tricking the mind into perceiving movement. This illusion is achieved by rapidly and accurately displaying a sequence of images.

The Pre-Production Phase

Pre-production encompasses the research, design, and planning stages of a project. It involves two main teams: the design team, responsible for creating the concept, story, and design concepts; and the management team, tasked with developing the production plan, including budgets, teams, and timelines. A well-executed pre-production phase facilitates a smoother transition into the production phase.

Create The Concept

The project commences with the conceptualization phase, where all stakeholders contribute ideas to shape the script. It’s crucial to consider the project’s scope and constraints to maintain a realistic approach throughout the process.

Write The Story

As the ideas evolve and refine, the narrative of the animation begins to take form. The story serves as the fundamental framework of the animation, encompassing elements such as potential settings, characters, story progression, conflicts, resolutions, and more.

Complete The Script And Storyboard

The script serves as the foundation of the 3D animation, providing a detailed written account of the story, character movements, environments, actions, dialogue, and timing. It is the essential document that guides the entire production process.

Following the script, the next step is to create storyboards. Storyboards are visual representations of key scenes, accompanied by descriptions that outline the story’s progression. They also include details such as camera angles and timing, which are crucial for the animation process.

Storyboards are invaluable tools for the team, as they help visualize the 3D animation and facilitate decision-making. They can also be used to engage actors and producers, generating further interest and support for the project.

Produce An Animatic

Animatics play a crucial role in the pre-production phase by establishing the timing for the moving images. This step is essential as it helps save time and resources by mapping out the movement before moving on to the rendering process, which can be both costly and time-consuming.

Decide On The Animation Style

The animation style is a critical aspect of the project’s overall aesthetic. Choosing the wrong style can significantly impact the project’s look, feel, and branding. The style can range from realistic to artistic, depending on the project’s vision and requirements.

The Production Phase

This is the stage where all the groundwork and planning start to yield results. The 3D animation begins to take shape, and the teams and artists involved collaborate to bring it to life.

Here’s what the production phase of the 3D animation process entails:

3D Modelling

Modeling is the process where animators construct the geometric surfaces that depict the objects and characters in a scene.

3D Layout

The 3D layout entails arranging the 3D objects in a manner that constructs each necessary scene.

3D Texturing

Texturing is the process of applying a two-dimensional image to a 3D object, essentially “wrapping” it around the object. This step also involves considering how light will interact with the object and initiating the process of integrating the image into a three-dimensional environment. Prior to this stage, the models typically have a flat, block color appearance, so techniques like shading, reflectivity, and sub-surface scattering are employed to introduce depth and realism.


Rigging is a process that provides a skeletal structure to a 3D character model, enabling it to be manipulated like a puppet. While rigging is primarily used for characters, it can also be applied to mechanical objects where parts move with hinges and the movement of one part affects the movement of others.

This technique is commonly used in games and movies, allowing characters to move in a realistic manner relative to each body part. Rigging significantly accelerates the production process by streamlining the animation of complex movements.

3D Animation

This phase is dedicated to crafting the movements that bring the animation to life, imbuing it with a sense of motion. Animation is a highly intricate process that demands meticulous attention to detail, often consuming the most time during production.

Visual Effects (VFX)

3D animators typically animate most elements, but certain intricate details such as hair, water, fire, clothes, and dust are too complex to animate manually. Utilizing particle simulations in the VFX process can assist in creating an interactive world that enhances the realism and depth of the animation.


Similar to real-world scenarios, lighting in 3D scenes is based on the pre-production phase and is crucial in setting the mood and atmosphere of the 3D animation.


Rendering is the process of constructing each layer of the scene into computer-generated images. This involves separating and layering each scene with elements such as the background, foreground, highlights, shadows, colors, characters, and objects. This allows for post-production to merge these layers and create a more realistic animated world.


After the animation has been completed and assembled, post-production provides an opportunity to add final touches and refine the 3D animation to meet the specifications outlined in pre-production. Post-production artists have access to various tools that can enhance the project’s overall appearance and quality.


In this step, the rendered layers are reassembled. This process can involve aligning and adjusting hundreds of layers to ensure they fit correctly, or it can be as simple as layering two frames together.


Certain effects are more effectively incorporated in two dimensions, enhancing depth and impact without compromising quality. To create a 3D illusion, 2D VFX is typically integrated within the layers during the compositing process. Examples of 2D VFX include sparks, dust/smoke, and raindrops.

Colour Correction

Color grading, also referred to as color correction, is the final step in the 3D animation process. It involves ensuring that every frame and shot throughout the entire project is consistent and polished to perfection.

Exporting And Encoding

This is the method by which the animation is stored and viewed. The most common format for this purpose is digital video, which is designed to be compatible with a wide range of digital devices.


Creating 3D animation is a complex endeavor that requires a comprehensive checklist and often involves numerous individuals, sophisticated hardware, and intricate software. Each person involved in the process possesses distinct skills, and it is the amalgamation of these skills that renders 3D animation so impactful.

For the process to be executed effectively, it is crucial that communication remains open at every stage and that robust foundations are established to ensure a seamless flow. This is essential for maintaining the efficiency and affordability of the project while striving for the highest quality outcome.

While 2D animation studios primarily focus on creating two-dimensional animated content, they may also offer 3D animation services. The animation process 2D, which involves steps like storyboarding, character design, and animation, can be adapted to create 3D animations as well.

Contact us to explore how our 3D animation services can bring your project to life with stunning visual effects and lifelike character animations.

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